Lost wages/income are generally recoverable damages after a car accident, but such claims require proper documentation.
Lost wages/income are recoverable if your injuries prevent you from working, or if you need to miss work in order to attend medical appointment/treatment. Lost wages are usually not recoverable simply because your car is out of commission from an accident.
If you are unable to work because of your injuries, you will generally need a doctor’s note placing you on an off-work status. You will then need your employer to verify the time you missed from work.
If your doctor places you on modified work duties that your employer cannot or will not accommodate, you’ll need something in writing to that effect.
If you are missing work because of medical appointments, the time missed needs to be proportionate to the time of the appointment and date of treatment. In other words, don’t take a whole day off work for a medical appointment than can be scheduled near the beginning or end of your work shift.
Lost wages are most easily documented when you get paid by the hour. If you are self-employed, and/or earn commissions, it becomes harder to document your lost income because it is not necessarily consistent.
In such cases, it may be necessary to produce a number of pay stubs or commission statements before the date of loss, as well as several after you’ve returned to work. These would then be used to average that type of income and extrapolate those numbers to the hours/days/weeks you missed work.
Finally, if you are paid by cash (work off the books), your employer may well decline to corroborate the time/income you missed.